Description: The patient maintains consciousness throughout the entire procedure. The anesthetic (in this case; Lidocaine) is given directly to the area where the surgery will be taking place. This type of anesthesia is used in conjunction with other methods of sedation in all oral surgery procedures.

Usual Indications: Simple in-office oral surgery procedures, such as non-complex tooth extractions and minor soft tissue procedures.

Hospital-Based General Anesthesia

Description: The patient is admitted to a hospital where anesthesia is administered by the anesthesiologist on staff.

Usual Indications: Usually reserved for patients undergoing facial and jaw reconstruction or surgeries having to do with TMJ disorder. This option is also called upon if the patients experience medical conditions such as heart disease, lung disease, or other anomalies that may require general anesthesia.